Divide and Conquer:Waste Segregation
On 2nd October 2014,Our Honorable PM Shri Narendra Modi launched the “Swacch Bharat” Campaign in his quest for a Cleaner India.The initiative is a success in some aspect but has still a lot to achieve if we want to be on the track to a Clean India by 2019.From Sanitation,over flowing drains to Garbage dumping everything needs to be taken into measures to the path leading to 2019.But here we will look into the issue of Garbage dumping from the perspective of Bangalore City and in the idea of Waste Segregation.
Bangalore,City of Gardens,Oh...wait a second isn't it City of Garbage,now??? With pile of waste littering all over the city,Bangalore has definitely lost its charm over it.Its not like that the heap of garbage came overnight and suddenly spread its fang all over the city.It has always been a long term process that only came to focus only after people from different location started protesting over the large land used as a dumping site for all the garbage and now with non availability of dumping ground,it lives on the streets of Bangalore like an orphan.Though there has been protest time to time it was never able to pick momentum until now with amount of increase in garbage reaching new high and with the attention and pressure from international media and business honchos.As per records Bangalore on a daily basis produces an average of 6500 tonnes of waste which is indeed a very high number.The BBMP(Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike),the civic administrative body of Bangalore at present have seven waste processing units in the city(with 3 in total functioning) and with a capability to process 2500 tonnes(total) of wet waste per day,but not all even the limit of the garbage is being sent there.Did we miss something?Yes indeed a very simple trick,Bangalore produces 4500 tonnes of waste including dry and wet every day,but BBMP can process only wet waste.This brings us to a very interesting situation,what can be done to tackle the problem. And only here our hero of the blog WASTE SEGREGATION comes into picture.
Waste segregation means dividing waste into dry and wet. Dry waste includes wood and related products, metals and glass. Wet waste, typically refers to organic waste usually generated by eating establishments and are heavy in weight due to dampness.It is the process of dividing garbage and waste products in an effort to reduce, reuse and recycle materials.Once dry and wet waste are mixed it becomes hard to separate them even for the pourakarmikas (or safai karamcharis) and thus equally impossible to get them processed.Whereas the dry waste remains remain intractable,wet waste can be very useful resource. Companies such as Terra Firma and Maltose are proposing to collect wet and green waste and to turn it into manure.Even BBMP so far commissioned two bio-methanisation plants that can turn five tonnes of garbage into methane a day.